Ayurveda is a system of medicine, the fundamentals of which has remained the same over thousands of years. While viruses and bacteria may have changed and mutated, Ayurvedic drugs have continued to be remarkably effective without much transformation. The main reason is that while most other systems look at the symptoms and treats the disease, Ayurveda looks at the causes and treats the patient. The human body given the right support takes care of itself and cures itself of any or most diseases. The beauty of Ayurveda is that because of this it can also supplement other systems of medicine in many cases, improving the immunity of the body while other medicines tackle the disease causing organisms.
Mind and body connect
Health happens when everything inside the body and the mind is in equilibrium. Mind and body are not independent entities and therefore if one is affected it has an effect on the other also. A case in point is when the condition commonly called piles leads to depression and the patient exhibits many of the attributes of dementia. Likewise all body parts are interconnected and a dissonance in one could create a problem in another. A headache can be caused by stress, dehydration, upset stomach or a rap on the head and it is the physicians’ job to find out the cause and treat it rather than give medicine to stop the headache for the time being
Ayurveda was very particular that physicians should administer drugs with due cognizance of the external environment and has to apply it only after examining each and every patient individually. The treatment for the same symptom and even disease varies with the patient. To acquire this proficiency an in-depth knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, diseases, psychiatry, preventive medicine, treatments, therapies and surgical processes and pharmacology is a must. Ayurveda details specifics separately, but emphasises a holistic approach.
According to Ayurveda there are three factors in the human body, the equilibrium of which decides whether you are healthy or not. They are called the Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Vata is responsible for all the movements in a human body. It helps in respiration, bodily actions, circulation, conveying of sensory impulses, speech, foetal developments and anything else that require any kind of movement. Pitta is responsible for digestion, energy, heat, vision, passion, anger, hunger, thirst and intelligence. Kapha is a uniting force responsible for strength, virility, stability, lubrication, nourishment, tolerance and contentment.
Diseases are the manifestations of the disequilibrium of these body factors. It may involve the excess or scarcity of one or the other as the case may be. According to Ayurveda, any medicine when administered properly should redress the balance, bringing down the excessive one and augmenting the deficient one. This concept leads to the realization that there are thousands of things in the world which can be used as medicines in treatment of diseases.